Types of Construction Businesses

Construction is a diverse field and many people like to invest in setting up a construction business. Setting up a construction business involves the process of planning, designing, financing, assembling, and operating physical facilities that have a different perspective on administrative management for construction.

The homes you live in and the malls you shop from, are all from the efforts of construction businesses. To make sure that a construction project goes off without any obstacle, regardless of how small or large it might be, a construction owner needs to understand all the aspects required by the construction firm. 

Construction Lawyer

A construction law firm works with owners who need advice about preparing plans and dealing with the legal aspects of construction. A construction lawyer can draft documents, review them or provide other services for individuals, businesses and government agencies involved in planning, building or maintaining facilities.

Architecture Firm

Architecture is the design side of the construction business. The design firms are allocated to draw out the plans for the building and create newness within the construction styles.

Architecture firms have another key role to play, as they appraise pay applications submitted by the other construction companies working on the project. These firms compare the applications to the drawings and specs to approve or deny them. Some companies also provide construction contractors to manage the projects apart from designing.

Engineering Firm

Civil engineering is a part of the construction field that focuses on complex civil or public construction projects. They often work in collaboration with the design firms to execute their project. Their task involves keeping a check whether the construction designs are safe, up to the mark, according to the standards of environment and area.

General Contractor

Smaller projects are often carried out by hiring a general contractor. They are also known as prime contractors and they are responsible for most construction that we see happening around us. The building of houses around us is the key task performed by a general contractor.

They enter into a contract with the construction owner and follow the contract to fulfill their duties. They further hire subcontractors and distribute the payments as per demand to every worker.


A subcontractor is responsible for providing and facilitating the general contractor with different resources needed for a construction project. There are different types of subcontractors on a usual project, including,

  • Framing
  • Plumbing
  • Electrica
  • HVAC
  • Roofing
  • Drywall
  • Flooring

Several agencies work on providing the construction project with such mechanic lines. As long as the mechanic lien for a project goes well, the whole project develops properly. Such subcontractors can be said to be the backbone of a construction project since the mechanic lines are very essential for constructional development.

Material Supplier

If your project falls short of cement or bricks, or if you need more manpower and labor, then the right place to consult would be a material supplier. They visit the construction site regularly and see how much material your project requires and when it does require and facilitate the construction owner with demanded materials on time.

Residential Construction 

Residential construction firms work on building houses and residential apartments only. They have expertise in housing construction that may include single-family houses, multi-family dwellings, and high-rise apartments, and the specifications needed by such buildings.

Residential houses are not so big projects unless you are looking to build a mansion for yourself. Residential housing designs are usually performed by architects and engineers, and the construction is executed by builders who hire subcontractors for the structural, mechanical, electrical, and other specialty work. The market is full of businesses that deal with residential construction companies.

Institutional and Commercial Building                                

Some construction businesses are for the development of institutional and commercial buildings that include schools, colleges, offices, malls, gyms, hospitals, theaters, etc. these projects are somehow bigger in magnitude and demand more supplies and investments.

Because of the higher costs and greater sophistication of institutional and commercial buildings in comparison with residential housing, this market segment is shared by fewer competitors and only a few people get into the business of commercial buildings.

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