Types of Assisted Reproductive Technology, and Treatment Procedure

Currently, there are various types of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) available for treatment. They are commonly used for procedures like IUI & IVF. Furthermore, ART helps couples who are facing difficulties or are unable to conceive a child. There is an involvement of ART techniques for further processing of embryos, semen, or eggs to improve the chances of a successful pregnancy. Fortunately, the opportunity regarding IVF treatments is now available with the affordable IVF cost in Jaipur. With proper consultation of professional IVF specialists.

However, infertility is when a couple is not able to conceive even after a period of regular sexual intercourse without using any birth control methods.

According to one research, A team of doctors found that around 9 – 12% of couples encounter fertility problems & 40-50% of them are because of male infertility factors.

In this article, we will discuss different types of ART, including their benefits, risks, costs, and the principles of the technology.

Doctors use ART for treating some of these issues:

  • Infertility in couples.
  • Women who can not get pregnant without treatment.
  • Women with past miscarriage issues.

Types of Assisted Reproductive Technology

There are several types of ART processes, In which different techniques & reproductive cells are involved. However, a doctor may counsel which ART would be most effective & appropriate depending upon the situation. Usually, the most used common type is In vitro fertilization{IVF}.

In Vitro Fertilization {IVF}

In the IVF process, doctors will extract eggs & fertilize them in a dedicated laboratory. A specialist doctor may merge this procedure with embryo transfer known as {IVF-ET} & transfer matured embryos to women’s reproductive system for resulting in pregnancy. The Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology reveals that IVF-ET accounts for 96% of ART procedures.

However, It may take more than one cycle of treatment to result in pregnancy, and some of them cannot become pregnant even after using IVF. Some possible complications may include:

  • Multiple Pregnancy.
  • Ectopic pregnancy.
  • Side Effects of fertility medication like Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome.

Intrafallopian Transfer

Some ART methods are similar to IVF treatment. but use laparoscopy surgery to relocate the gametes straight into the fallopian tube. Some people select this procedure because their insurance covers this type of ART.

However, ART also has some risks like other forms of ARTS have. Additionally, there are risks of infection, side effects of anesthesia, or organ damage.

Types of assisted reproductive technology Includes:

  • Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer {GIFT} To begin with initially, the Process involves collecting eggs & sperm both in a medical tube to place gametes directly inside the fallopian tubes using laparoscopy surgery. A person doesn’t have to choose a separate embryo for transfer.
  • Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer {ZIFT} Is a fusion of IVF & GIFT where a doctor will stimulate & collect the embryos using the IVF method. And mix it up with semen in the laboratory. The advantage of ZIFT is that It can help women who have damaged fallopian tubes or have any other severe infertility problem while getting pregnant.
  • Pronuclear State Tubal Transfer {PROST} Is a very similar procedure to ZIFT, But, It involves the relocation of fertilized embryos to the fallopian tube before cell division takes place.

IntraCytoplasmic Sperm Injection {ICSI}

ICSI is a technique that involves the placement of sperm directly inside the female embryos in a dedicated environment in the laboratory. Until it gets fertilized & then matured embryos will be transferred into the female body for further natural development.

Frozen Embryo Transfer (FET)

Firstlythe procedure starts with the thawing of frozen IVF embryos. Secondly, by placing embryos directly inside the uterus. In fact, In one research, Doctors found that 50% of FET people had uninterrupted pregnancies.

In fact, according to the United Kingdom’s Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority report, FET is a very secure procedure while using fresh embryos for treatment.

Third-Party ART Treatment

Whenever any other person donates their eggs, embryos, or sperm to any individual couple for the treatment. Also, It may include surrogate & gestational surrogates, which means when a person is fertilized with sperm from a couple using ART.

Research done by CDC educates that 50% of transfer with donated frozen embryos results in pregnancy, & around 38% result in a live birth.

Some other advantages of third-party ART include the following:

  • For couples, who face unsuccessful pregnancy after trying IVF frequently.
  • People who are facing trouble with Sperm or Egg production.

Preparation for ART

Next, the ART procedure includes the practicing of behaviors, and it may help to improve chances of fertility. Also, this may consist, some dietary changes like reducing consumption of alcohol & caffeine from your diet.

Although, a doctor can also include some changes in the exercise schedule.

Costs of Assisted Reproductive Technology

To sum up, the costs that are listed here are for reference purposes. The actual cost may depend upon the city and doctor you chose for treatment in India.   

  • For IUI (Artificial Insemination)
    Rs. 10000/- up to Rs. 15000/-
  • For IVF Cycle
    Rs. 60000/- up to Rs.75000/- (Injection & Medicine Extra)
  • For ICSI Treatment
    Rs. 80000/- up to Rs. 90000/-
  • Embryos Laser Assisted Hatching
    Rs. 15000/- (Medicine Extra)
  • Embryo Freezing {Vitrification}
    Rs. 35000/ up to (Rs.15000/-
  • Semen Sample Freezing
    Rs. 5000/-
  • Donor Egg procedure
    Rs. 35000/-
  • Donor Embryo (Adoption)
    Rs. 45000/-


Finally, there are many ART options available to choose from. And, the success rate for ART depends upon the selected method of ART. And also, Factors like the age of a person, and the health condition of a person are also important to consider. Therefore, counselling sessions with a doctor will help you a lot. In addition, the doctor will advise the type of ART beneficial for the couple according to the risks and causes of infertility.

Leave a Comment